Inverted and Flat Nipple Treatments

Have inverted nipples or flat nipples been a problem in the past to nursing a baby? Maybe it is only a cosmetic concern; either way, you will find help here!!!

About 5-8% of the population have inverted nipples and men can be just as affected as women. Flat nipples are even more common.

It is best for treatment to start at puberty, but individuals of any age can find help for this delicate problem. Please let me know prior to purchasing if this is for an adolescent. There are special precautions needed and I prefer to discuss them personally with the parent.

Physicians do not know about many of the treatments available, nor do they discuss the inversion with their clients. To them, it is a variation of normal and since they have very little information to share, it is ignored. They may question if the inversion is congenital verses something that has recently occurred. If it is congenital, they will usually not be concerned. It would be great if all obstetricians did thorough exams of nipples on all their patients because regardless of age, many would benefit from treatment.

How do you determine if you have flat or inverted nipples?

It will be obvious on many people just by looking at the nipple....if it doesn't protrude  or has blended into the areola, it would be considered flat, if it is hid inside where a hole is where the nipple should be, then it would be considered flat or inverted.

Even if your nipples look normal, you could still have nipples that will retract when stimulated, so do this test to determine if your nipples are inverted or flat:  place your thumb and index finger on the areola and compress. If the nipple retracts or inverts into the breast, then treatment may be needed before breastfeeding and it is best to start treatment before pregnancy or early in pregnancy since correction can take some time.

Babies are suppose to breastfeed, not nipple- feed, so some women will have no difficulty nursing a baby with flat or inverted nipples. Many times after nursing, the nipples will be corrected from the baby nursing, especially if the mother nurses for a long period of time. Most women will have difficulty, so early treatment is recommended. If treatment has not started before pregnancy, then it should be started ASAP.

What treatments are available for flat or inverted

  • Cosmetic surgery- This option is expensive, can impair the ability to breastfeed and is often not permanent. I've had contacts with many people where the surgery didn't last...some as soon as two months post op; and others within the first year had their nipples invert again.
  • Niplette- This is the most aggressive treatment available for inverted or flat nipples and the only treatment designed for permanent correction  besides surgery with less expense and without invasion. The Avent Niplette is usually recommended by Plastic surgeons before they would consider doing surgery.  They have been used my men and women with great success for correcting cosmetically and for breastfeeding purposes. They can help minimize painful nursing if worn during pregnancy. They can also increase the likelihood of a successful surgery if worn after the healing process from cosmetic surgery for correcting inverted nipples. (If used after surgery, this must be approved by your plastic surgeon.) The Niplette uses gentle suction to pull the nipple into a small plastic thimble-like cup and is worn this way for at least eight hours at a time. Please click here to order the Avent Niplette.

    More Information on the Avent Niplette

    Helpful Suggestions for Using the Avent Niplette

    Instructions on use of the Avent Niplette

  • Breastpumps - This can be used before trying to latch the baby on to the breast, but many times, the nipple will invert so quickly, it takes a while before it will stay out well and stretch the tissue. (Not as effective as wearing the Niplette during or before pregnancy, or wearing the Niplette before latch on.)
  • Evert-It Nipple Enhancer- This consist of a syringe with a soft, flexible tip made of silicone. Suction is used to help the nipple protrude to facilitate latch on. This device was marketed after nurses and lactation consultants made a similar device from a 12cc syringe. This device is for short term use to use before latching a baby on the breast. It can't be used for a permanent solution.

  • Breast Shells- These are cups worn inside the bra over the breast that have a small hole in the center to allow the nipple to protrude through, thus helping to stretch underlying tissue and to draw out the nipple. How effective is this? Studies have shown no benefit and my personal experience is that is has helped, but only for a very few.

  • Hoffman Technique- Consist of exercises using your thumbs that attempt to loosen adhesions, but no research proves this to be effective.

  • Latch Assist- This is a product made by Lansinoh that can help draw out the nipple for a moment before latching the baby on the breast. It does not keep constant suction, so it is not useful for a permanent solution.

  • Supple Cup - This device is also a great treatment for inverted nipples, and also works much better for flat nipples. While it can't provide as much suction as the Niplette, it is also an awesome product and is available directly from us.  




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